Even though young adults can stay on the health insurance plan of their parents until they turn 26, many don’t have that option because of the costs or options available.
Health insurance for healthy 18-year-olds typically costs less than for older age groups because they tend to incur fewer medical expenses. However, even affordable premiums can prove costly for you at 18. Still, you can reduce your health insurance by joining Medicaid, having employer-sponsored healthcare, or with a high-deductible plan through a Health Saving Account (HSA).
Here’s your guide to affordable coverage for health insurance for 18-year-olds:
1. Essential Coverage for 18-year-olds
Health insurance is vital for individuals of all ages, including 18-year-olds. Here are some essential health insurance coverage considerations for you:
Basic Health Insurance – Covers essential medical services such as doctor’s visits, hospitalization, and emergency care. It’s imperative to have coverage for unexpected medical expenses.
Preventive Care – Many health plans include preventive services like vaccinations, annual check-ups, and screenings. These are important for maintaining good health and catching potential issues early.
Prescription Drug Coverage – If you have any ongoing medical conditions or require prescription medications, having coverage for prescription drugs is crucial.
Mental Health Coverage – Mental health is as important as physical health. Look for insurance that covers mental health services, counseling, and therapy.
Dental and Vision Insurance – While these may be separate from general health insurance, having dental and vision care coverage is essential for maintaining overall well-being.
Emergency Services – Make sure your health insurance covers emergency services because unexpected health issues and accidents can happen at any age, requiring an ambulance or a visit to emergencies.
Out-of-Network Coverage – It’s beneficial to have a health insurance plan that provides some coverage for out-of-network care to see a specialist who doesn’t participate in your network if needed.
Maternity Care – If you’re a female, consider whether the plan offers maternity coverage, even if you’re not planning to start a family soon.
Substance Abuse and Rehabilitation – Coverage for substance abuse treatment and rehabilitation can be crucial for some individuals.
Access to a Network of Healthcare Providers – Ensure that the insurance plan has a network of healthcare providers and hospitals in your area to make it easy to access care.
Catastrophic Coverage – Young, healthy individuals may consider high-deductible plans with lower premiums, which can protect them from major medical expenses. These are often called catastrophic health insurance.
Student Health Plans – If you’re a student, check if your educational institution offers a student health plan. These plans consider student needs.
Understanding the specifics of any health insurance plan you’re considering is essential. Compare different plans by reviewing their coverage, costs, and network of providers. Additionally, be aware of any enrollment periods; missing them could mean waiting until the next open enrollment period to get coverage. Also, consider your individual health needs and budget when choosing a plan.
2. Understanding Health Insurance Options
There are several ways to find health insurance as an 18-year-old. While you could start with your parent’s insurance plan, you may prefer to get health insurance from an insurer. Many employers may offer health insurance, and educational institutions have plans designed around student needs.
Here are the most common types of health insurance for 18-year-olds:
Many parents have health insurance through their employer, often covering their children. Parent plan limits vary between states, but generally, until you reach 26.
If you are working, your employer may provide health insurance. Generally, these plans provide excellent coverage at a better price than individual policies. Sometimes, employers offer these without requiring you to pay a premium.
Several factors determine your eligibility for Medicaid because it’s for families and individuals with a low income. In most states, you can apply for it at 18 through the state or federal Health Insurance Marketplace. However, there are general considerations they will apply, including income, household size, and state-specific requirements. You can get comprehensive coverage at a lower cost and with more coverage than other plans. Based on your income, you may have no cost.
Health Insurance Marketplace
Through a health insurance marketplace, you can compare the different policies available from health insurance companies. Compare prices and the health insurance plan’s coverage, ensuring they meet your health needs. For example, mental health services and preventative care are essential, but if you take medication for a chronic condition, you will also need coverage for prescription drugs.
Directly Through Providers
You can get medical insurance through several providers. Many also have short-term options to get started while shopping around for a plan that best meets your healthcare needs.
Catastrophic Health Insurance
Anyone under 30 can have one of these cheaper plans with high deductibles. Once you reach the deductible, the health insurer will pay the balance of your out-of-pocket expenses.
3. Affordable Plans for Young Adults
Young adults need affordable insurance plans as they start their tertiary education or career. However, the most affordable plan depends on your situation:
Employed Full-Time – An employer-sponsored health plan is best for employed young adults. A marketplace plan is usually your next best option if your employer doesn’t provide health coverage.
Self-Employed – Unless you are in a parental or spousal plan, your next best option is to get health insurance on the marketplace at 18.
Unemployed or Employed with a Low-Income – Your best option here is to apply for Medicaid because you could get excellent coverage than being on your parent’s plan.
Student – Some colleges offer health insurance, but if yours doesn’t, get Medicaid if you qualify. If you don’t, choose a plan from the marketplace.
Married – Unless you have an employer-sponsored health plan, you could stay on your parent’s plan until you turn 26. If you can’t or prefer not to, look for a family or individual health plan on the marketplace.
Single Parent – if you don’t have an employer-sponsored health plan, you may qualify for Medicaid. If not, then opt for a marketplace health insurance provider.
Unhealthy or Chronic Illness – Anyone with a chronic illness or who suffers from bad health should opt for a health plan with a higher premium and lower deductible. Choosing a plan with a preferred Provider Organization (PPO) is better than through a Health Maintenance Organization (HMO) because they have a broader network in case you need to see a specialist.
Remember, your health insurance is an annual commitment that you can change during yearly enrollment periods. Compare plans annually, ensuring you get the best deal for your health needs.
4. Benefits of Having Health Insurance at 18
In the United States, you are legally required to have health insurance based on the Affordable Care Act (ACA) unless you qualify for an exemption.
Besides the legal requirement, having health insurance at 18 offers several benefits and is an important step toward ensuring your well-being. Here are some of the key advantages:
Access to Medical and Preventative Care
Health insurance gives access to healthcare services, meaning you can seek medical attention when needed. Typically, it covers preventive services like vaccinations, screenings, and annual check-ups, which are significant for maintaining good health and addressing health issues early.
Health insurance plans guard against having to pay high medical costs. Without insurance, you may incur significant medical bills in case of illness, injury, or unexpected medical events.
Prescription Medication Coverage
Health insurance plans can include cover for the cost of prescription medications, making it more affordable for you to manage chronic conditions or acute illnesses that require medication.
Mental Health Services
Many health plans include coverage for mental health services like therapy and counseling, making it easier to address mental health concerns.
Emergency and Specialist Care
Health insurance covers emergency medical services, including hospitalization, surgeries, and ambulance rides. In emergencies, having insurance can be a lifeline.
If you’re away at college or traveling, your health insurance may cover medical services outside your home area.
Insurance plans often allow you to access a network of healthcare providers, including specialists.
Dental and Vision Care
Dental and vision insurance is often separate from general health insurance, but the coverage does offer benefits when you need extensive dental work or glasses.
Females planning on starting a family in the future should include maternity care in their health insurance for the maternity period and childbirth expenses.
Peace of Mind
Knowing that you have a safety net in case of unexpected health issues or emergencies gives you peace of mind.
It’s important to carefully review and choose a health insurance plan that meets your health needs, considering factors like premiums, deductibles, and coverage options.
5. Tips for Choosing the Right Policy
When exploring different coverage levels, consider the following factors:
Your current health and medical needs: Consider your health status, existing medical conditions, and anticipated healthcare expenses.
Budget: Determine what you can afford for premiums and out-of-pocket costs. Consider your income and financial stability.
Risk tolerance: Assess how comfortable you are with the potential for higher out-of-pocket expenses in exchange for lower premiums.
Provider networks: Ensure the plan includes your preferred doctors, hospitals, and healthcare facilities.
Essential health benefits: Verify that the plan covers the necessary services you require, such as prescription drugs, preventive care, and maternity services.
Subsidies and cost-sharing reductions: Check if you qualify for government subsidies or cost-sharing reductions based on your income and family size.
6. Exploring Different Coverage Levels
Consider your needs, budget, and risk tolerance when exploring different health insurance coverage levels. Health insurance coverage levels vary in cost, coverage, and out-of-pocket expenses. Here are some typical coverage levels you can explore:
- Least expensive in terms of premiums
- Created for young, healthy individuals who want protection against major medical expenses
- High deductibles are common, meaning you pay more out of pocket before you get insurance coverage
- Often covers essential health benefits after you meet the deductible
- Unsuitable if you require regular medical care or have ongoing health conditions
- Best balanced coverage between premiums and out-of-pocket costs
- Higher deductibles but lower premiums compared to higher-tier plans
- Often covers essential health benefits after meeting the deductible
- Suitable if you want some coverage for basic medical needs and can afford higher out-of-pocket costs
- Provides moderate premiums and deductibles
- Usually covers essential health benefits with some cost-sharing
- Eligible for cost-sharing reductions if you qualify based on income
- Suitable for those who anticipate moderate healthcare needs and wish to balance costs
- It has higher premiums but lower out-of-pocket costs
- Lower deductibles and copayments for healthcare services
- Covers essential health benefits more comprehensively
- Suitable if you expect higher medical expenses and want lower out-of-pocket costs
- Highest premiums and the lowest out-of-pocket expenses
- Very low deductibles and minimal copayments
- Provides extensive coverage for essential health benefits
- It is ideal if you have high healthcare needs and want minimal financial risk
High-Deductible Health Plans (HDHPs)
- High deductibles and lower premiums
- Can be connected to Health Savings Accounts (HSAs) to save for medical expenses tax-free
- It is a popular choice if you are healthy and want to save on premiums while having the option to set aside funds for healthcare expenses
It’s advisable to compare different health insurance plans, understand their coverage details, and assess how they align with your unique circumstances to choose the most suitable coverage level for your needs. Additionally, you can seek guidance from a healthcare navigator or insurance broker for personalized assistance.
7. Navigating the World of Health Insurance
The lowest coverage plan is not necessarily ideal. While some plans are more affordable regarding monthly premiums, it’s essential to consider the plan’s annual cost against the expected cost of medical treatments and other benefits.
Health insurance plan types include Health Maintenance Organization (HMO), Preferred Provider Organization (PPO), Point-of-Service (POS), and Exclusive Provider Organization (EPO), which differ in the following ways:
- HMOs are the most common type of plan because they are the cheapest. However, they have the least flexibility because of their restrictive networks.
- PPO plans have extensive networks and flexibility, allowing you to access more providers. They generally cost the most.
- An EPO plan is similar to a PPO but does not provide coverage out of its network.
- POS plan features vary widely. For example, they may require referrals and exclude out-of-network coverage. They usually have higher premiums than an HMO but lower than a PPO.
8. Planning for the Future with Health Insurance
Planning for the future with health insurance is a wise and responsible financial move. Health insurance creates a safety net for unexpected medical expenses, and thoughtful planning can help you meet your health needs while managing costs effectively. Here are some steps to consider when planning for the future with health insurance:
- Assess your current health needs by considering any existing medical conditions, your current health, and your family history.
- Anticipate future healthcare needs based on age, lifestyle, and potential family planning.
- Understand your health insurance options by researching the various available health insurance plans, including employer-sponsored plans, individual plans, Medicaid, and Medicare.
- Research each plan’s coverage levels and cost structures (premiums, deductibles, copayments, and out-of-pocket limits).
- Budget for health insurance premiums, deductibles, and other out-of-pocket expenses.
- Understand the enrollment periods and options for significant life events like marriage, having children, or changes in employment.
- Consider creating an emergency fund where you place money to cover unexpected medical costs that may arise, especially if you have a high-deductible health plan.
- If eligible, open an HSA or FSA where you place tax-free funds for medical expenses.
- Review your plan annually during the open enrollment period to ensure it continues to meet your needs.
- Take advantage of preventive care services covered by your insurance, such as vaccinations, screenings, and annual check-ups, to catch health issues early and reduce long-term costs.
- Be aware of how your insurance plan covers emergency and urgent care services. It can save you time and money.
- Understand your insurer’s coverage network to minimize costs.
If you find the health insurance landscape confusing, consider consulting with a healthcare navigator, insurance broker, or financial advisor for personalized guidance.
Health insurance planning is an ongoing process; adapting your strategy as your life circumstances change is crucial. By carefully managing your health insurance and finances, you can ensure that you are well-prepared for future health needs while maintaining financial security.